Public schools in Pennsylvania have a legal requirement to provide special education to students with disabilities who need them. There are both federal and state laws that work together in order to allow these students to receive a free and appropriate public education (FAPE).
Important Federal Regulations for Children with Disabilities
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA 2004) The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA 2004) ensures that all children with disabilities have a free appropriate public education (FAPE) and that the rights of such children and their parents are protected. It also aligns to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act.
opens in a new windowAmendment to IDEA regulations – (addresses revocation of consent) (Federal Register, Part IV / Vol. 73, No. 231 / Monday, December 1, 2008)
opens in a new windowAmendment to IDEA regulations ( addresses consent to use medical assistance funding) (Federal Register /Vol. 78, No. 31/Thursday, February 14, 2013/Rules and Regulations)
opens in a new windowAmendment to IDEA regulations (addresses significant disproportionality) (Federal Register, Volume 81, Number 243, December 19, 2016)
opens in a new windowAmendment to the IDEA regulations (addresses the change in the term “mental retardation” to “intellectual disability”) ( Federal Register, Vol. 82, No. 131 / Tuesday, July 11, 2017 / Rules and Regulations )
opens in a new windowSection 504 of The Rehabilitation Act Section 504 of this civil rights law prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities. Under this law, a student with a disability is entitled to have equal access to an education.
To find out more about Section 504, read the Office for Civil Rights opens in a new windowFrequently Asked Questions document.
ESSA was signed into law in December, 2015, and reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
This federal law ensures that parents have the right to access their child’s education records. It also protects the privacy of students by limiting who has access to records.
Important State Laws for Children with Disabilities
Pennsylvania has a State Board of Education which has the authority to create and revise regulations related to school and education issues. They are indexed in the PA Code, Title 22, Education. Each chapter provides the regulations on one topic.
These are the state’s regulations on the school’s responsibility to provide a free and appropriate public education to students with disabilities. This chapter adopts many of the federal regulations in IDEA, but also includes regulations that are specific to Pennsylvania.
This chapter is similar to Chapter 14; however it applies to students with disabilities who are in a charter or cyber charter school.
These regulations are based on Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act and apply to students who have a disability but do not qualify for special education services under Chapter 14.
These are the state’s regulations for education of gifted students.
This chapter establishes the state’s academic standards and assessment in order to improve student achievement. High school graduation requirements are included.
opens in a new windowChapter 11: Student Attendance
This chapter includes regulations on admission to school, attendance, absences, and excusals from school.
These regulations address students’ rights and responsibilities, including exclusions from school (suspension and expulsion).