Due Process: Overview

Parents or educational agencies may resolve educational disputes through a mechanism called due process. Due process differs from other dispute resolution opportunities in that a Hearing Officer decides the dispute for the parties. Throughout the due process proceedings, resolution through mediation remains available to the parties. In addition, during the proceedings the parties may settle some or all of the issues among themselves at any time.

Information about Due Process for students who receive gifted education and children who receive Early Intervention are found on the following pages:

Infant-Toddler Early InterventionPreschool Early InterventionGifted

Due process hearings are similar to trials, with the Hearing Officer presiding and acting as a judge. An attorney will represent the educational agency. The parent may also be represented by an attorney, or may proceed without counsel. Witnesses are questioned and cross-examined, and evidence is admitted into the record for the Hearing Officer’s consideration. At the conclusion of the hearing, the Hearing Officer issues a written decision, which is a legally enforceable document setting forth the legal obligations of all the parties.

The Office for Dispute Resolution (ODR) is a federally-funded project under IDEA and provides facilitations, mediations and due process hearings for all students with disabilities.  Any IEP facilitations, mediations, or due process hearings with Chapter 15/Section 504 issues only and all costs associated with same are the responsibility of the respective LEA.  If a due process hearing involves a combination of IDEA and Chapter 15-Section 504 issues, the respective LEA would be responsible for 1/3 of the court reporting costs.

Mock Due Process Video

This 2-part video shows what to expect at a due process hearing to assist participants preparing for due process.


Mock Due Process Part 1


Mock Due Process Part 2